Delivery from China to Ukraine by sea
For more than 10 years AF – Group has been a major transport agent that delivers goods by sea to small and medium-sized commercial organizations in Ukraine. According to numerous reviews of entrepreneurs, the organization has established itself as a reliable carrier. For “beginners” who want to order transportation from China by sea to Ukraine, the company’s website provides complete information about the procedure.
Transportation of goods by sea (FCL, LCL) is a profitable option for many customers. Affordable prices and shipments without restrictions on weight and size attract entrepreneurs. As practice shows, sea freight is profitable with a heavy weight of the parcel and products with a long shelf life (things, equipment, vehicles). There are 20 large and more than 100 small ports in China, which carry out shipping around the world. The route has several seas and oceans. It is rational to send goods from the ports of the South China Sea.
What you need to know?
“EXW”, “FOB”, “CIF”, “DAP” – terms denoting the generally accepted terms of trade with China, according to “Incoterms” (from the English Incoterms, International commercial terms). According to these forms of delivery, the cost of transportation and the weight of the cargo to the final destination are calculated. You can order the delivery of goods by sea “EXW” (from the English. Ex Works “literally from the factory”), or “FOB” (Free On Board), at affordable prices. AF – Group provides turnkey services. For all questions of interest, you can contact through the feedback form or by phone.
Damage in case of force majeure can be covered by insurance. The cost of registration varies from US $ 50 – US $ 100. The amount depends on the value of the goods indicated in the accompanying documents (invoice).
Dimensions of containers
In order for any type of cargo to be safe and sound, it is placed in containers.
You can choose a container according to the following parameters:
- 20’GP = 20’DV = 20FT = 20 ‘= 20 feet – general purpose.
- 40’GP = 40’DV = 40FT = 40 ‘= 40ft – general purpose.
- 40’HC = 40’HQ = 40 feet high.
For delivery by sea to Ukraine, depending on the cargo, they use: standard, insulated containers – platforms, “Flatrack”, open-top containers, refrigerators, High Cube and Open Top containers. Dry containers are marked with the English letters “DC”. Some goods are packed in special container bags, which are designated by the same abbreviation. “Boxes” are not afraid of weather conditions, so you can transport products of any type. AF – Group consultants will help you with choosing a container.
With a large volume of goods transportation, an additional container may be required The cost of the service will cost from $ 500 to $ 1000, in excess of the basic tariff. In most cases, you will not have to overpay if the “package” takes less than 15 cubic meters. m. This option is classified as “Consolidated cargo”.
Note! The formation of small parcels is possible from goods that have a long shelf life, and if the client has a margin of time. Another disadvantage of groupage cargo is that not all carriers take products of different categories due to difficulties in registering cargo at Chinese customs (for example, electrical appliances and clothes).
The container method can transport products up to 26 tons and a volume of 76 cubic meters. m. One more nuance should be taken into account – checking the lease term of the container. If the flight is delayed, additional charges may apply. Therefore, it is worth insuring against payment of transportation under the concluded contract, negotiating a possible delay and financing at the stage of concluding the contract.
By the types of shipment of goods transported by sea vessels, FCL (Full Container Load, – full container), and LCL (Less Than Container Load, – incomplete container load) differ. In the first option (FCL), the import price will be cheaper as you load a full container. In the second option (LCL), the goods of several importers are combined into one container for transportation from one loading port to the final port at the customer’s address.
Note! The delivery time for goods from China to Ukraine is from 50 to 60 calendar days. Therefore, it is worth planning transportation at least two months in advance.
Shipping lines sometimes disrupt delivery schedules due to weather conditions or the wrong course. The distance between Ukraine and China is over 10,000 km. Traveling by water is much longer than by air. The customer should be prepared that the container may arrive later (from 10 to 14 days).
In addition, it takes time to reload in different ports (United Arab Emirates and European countries). But there are direct flights of sea transport, following, after full loading directly to the designated port, the period varies from 25 to 35 days. The delay in receiving containers may be due to the fault of the Ukrainian customs service (the cargo is idle in warehouses in the Odessa or Illichivsk port in the queue for document verification).
The complexity of controlling the delivery of goods by sea through European ports is explained by the work of forwarding services in Ukraine, which do not have partners in a number of European countries. And in Italy, not all categories of goods are shipped. Also, the customs services of this state attach great importance to the control of goods according to prescribed documents, especially those related to intellectual property. In the case of transportation of branded goods (clothing collections, accessories, etc.), Italian customs officials, for example, must request permission to sell them from the manufacturer. This procedure delays the import of products by sea.
The complex route of transportation of products from China to Ukraine by sea, where it is unloaded, runs from the points of the “Celestial Empire” to Odessa or Ilyichevsk.
In the ranking of world ports, the following harbors of the PRC are in the lead:
- Shanghai (Shanghai). The Sea Gate is located on the East Coast of the Republic and is considered the largest in the world.
- Shenzhen is located on the southern coast of China in Guangdong province.
- Ningbo – Zhoushan. East coast, Zhejiang province.
- Tianjin. The northern part of the republic, the port is considered one of the largest and busiest. The stability of its work allows you to successfully transport goods around the world.
- Dalian. Located in Liaoning Province on the North Coast, the largest harbor in the North – East of the PRC.
- Xiamen is located in Fujian Province, South Coast. The port is located at the mouth of the Qiulongjiang River. Sends cargo to more than 50 countries, as it has about 70 shipping directions.
Customers can track the progress of their cargo by the contract number.
The container must arrive at the port 2 or 3 days before the arrival of the vessel for the “customs clearance” procedure. After all the formalities are followed, the cargo goes on board. At the second stage, upon arrival in Ukraine, the goods are loaded onto a truck or train, and then follows to their destination anywhere in the country.
The developed infrastructure in Chinese seaports and compliance with international legal norms allow customers to calmly wait for their goods at the final point.
Foreign economic activity requires a package of documents for the transportation of goods by sea of the following types:
- Commercial documents. Their registration is handled by the seller of goods (invoice, commercial invoice, packing list, quality certificates).
- Transport documents: Dock Receipt, Bill of Lading (contract for the carriage by sea), Mate’s Receipt (navigator’s receipt), Delivery Order (regulates the division of the batch of products).
- Customs documents.
- Documents drawn up in government agencies.
AF – Group complies with all formalities with carriers from China when it is necessary to deliver containers by sea. The company’s managers help their clients to understand the intricacies of the paperwork required for the transportation of goods by sea vessels.
AF – Group offer
The company provides a wide range of services for the delivery of goods from China to Ukraine: logistics, makes the best route, selects containers that match the goods being transported. On the main page of the AF – Group website, the client has the opportunity to leave an application for calculating the cost of the service and agree on the preliminary conditions for the delivery of the cargo (taking into account force majeure circumstances).
The organization provides additional services: it is engaged in escorting goods from the port of the PRC to Odessa or Ilyichevsk, field inspections check the cargo before shipment, pack and insure it. Cooperation of “AF – Group” with all Chinese ports allows you to choose the most profitable option for the client for the transportation of goods as soon as possible.